Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market: Overview
- Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) is the principle cause of infectious mononucleosis that is associated with several malignancies, including gastric carcinoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Burkitt lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma, and lymphomas in immunocompromised persons, as well as multiple sclerosis
- Vast number of research studies have linked Epstein–Barr virus to different cancers of the lymphatic system and lupus. For instance, according to the report from the Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center, in 2018, infection with the Epstein–Barr virus (EBV) increases the risk of developing multiple sclerosis. When the human body encounters foreign bodies such as virus or bacteria, it uses B-cells to produce antibodies to fight against these agents. However, in Epstein–Barr infections, the virus invades and takes control of B-cells.
- EBV is associated with several malignancies; the criteria for association of EBV with cancer includes finding the viral genome in every tumor cell, presence of viral gene expression, and evidence that EBV is clonal (or oligoclonal) in tumor cells
- According to an article published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), every year, around 84,000 cases of gastric carcinoma; 78,000 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma; 29,000 cases of Hodgkin lymphoma; 7,000 cases of Burkitt lymphoma; and 2,000 cases of lymphoma in transplant recipients are associated with EBV
- Moreover, around 9% of gastric carcinomas are associated with EBV. More than 90% of gastric lymphoepitheliomas, 7% of moderately to well-differentiated adenocarcinomas, and 6% of poorly differentiated gastric adenocarcinomas are EBV-positive.
- The global Epstein–Barr virus vaccines market is projected to grow at a significant pace during the forecast period. Increase in incidence of Epstein–Barr infections and growing need for advanced therapeutics contribute to the growth of the global market.
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Key Drivers of Global Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market
- Several universities are involved in frequent research & development activities for development of novel monovaccines. For instance, since 2017, University of Kansas School of Engineering and School of Pharmacy is studying genetics of human immune responses to produce a potent vaccine for Epstein–Barr virus or EBV. Such increasing research activities by various organizations for development of novel vaccines for EBV are expected to drive the global Epstein–Barr virus vaccine market.
- For instance, according to data published by the Cancer Research U.K., in 2014, around 62,400 cases of Hodgkin’s lymphoma were recorded worldwide, out of which around 28,600 cases were associated with Epstein–Barr virus. According to the same source, it was estimated that EBV is responsible for an estimated 45% of Hodgkin’s lymphoma in the U.K., annually.
- According to data published by the Cancer Research U.K. in 2014, EBV is a very common virus that can increase the risk of nasopharyngeal cancer. According to the same source, around 80,000 cases of nasopharyngeal carcinoma were reported worldwide annually, out of which around 78,100 cases were associated with Epstein–Barr virus.
- High prevalence of various diseases related to EBV virus is expected to rise the demand for its vaccine in the near future
North America to Account for Major Share of Global Market
- North America is projected to account for prominent share of the global Epstein–Barr virus vaccines market during the forecast period. High incidence rate of EBV infection, high diagnosis rate, well-developed health care infrastructure, and large number of research & development activities are anticipated to boost the market in the region.
- Increase in incidence of chronic diseases, government interventions in enhancing health care facilities, and rise in disposable income in countries in Asia and the Middle East are projected to boost the growth of the Epstein–Barr virus vaccines market in these regions
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Key Players Operating in Global Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market
There are huge unmet needs in Epstein–Barr virus vaccines market. Most of the organizations engaged in development of Epstein–Barr virus vaccines are research institutes, there are few private players who are investing to develop new Epstein–Barr virus vaccines. Major players and research institutes operating in the global Epstein–Barr virus vaccines market are:
- GlaxoSmithKline Plc
- National Institutes of Health
- Chinese University of Hong Kong
- Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
- German Cancer Research Institute
- University of Minnesota
- Genocea Biosciences, Inc.
- Cancer Research UK
Global Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market: Research Scope
Global Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market, by Application
- Gastric Carcinomas
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma
- Endemic Burkitt’s Lymphoma
- Hodgkin’s Lymphoma
Global Epstein–Barr Virus Vaccines Market, by Region
- North America
- Rest of Europe
- Asia Pacific
- Australia & Zealand
- Rest of Asia Pacific
- Latin America
- Rest of Latin America
- Middle East & Africa
- GCC Countries
- South Africa
- Rest of Middle East & Africa